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Mobility

OTLE analyses the mobility of passengers and freight from a global perspective, considering all modes of transport (road, rail, air and sea) and areas (national and international).

Transport modal split chart. Chart content in Spanish

Modal distribution of national passenger and freight transport in 2020.

Relevant information

All modes

  • Passengers

    Inland passenger transport accounted for 314.206  million passenger-kilometers in 2020, mostly traveled by road.

  • Freight

    1.997 million tonnes in 2020. More than 72 % are of national origin and destination.

Roads

  • Passengers

    Intercity passenger transport in Spain is mainly by road: 287.850 million passenger-kilometres in 2020, representing 91% of the total.

  • Freight

    In 2020, inland freight transport accounted for 273.186  million tonne-kilometres, most of which (64 %) was along Spain's State Road Network.

Rail

  • Passengers

    In 2020, 11.998 million passenger-kilometres used the Spanish rail network as a whole, 5,320 million used long-distance services, 1,420 million used medium-distance services and 5,258 million used commuter services .

  • Freight

    8.970 million net tonne-kilometres were transported by rail in 2020, of which 7,465 million were for domestic transport and 1,504 million for international transport.

Air

  • Passengers

    In 2020 58.7 million passengers travelled, of which 16.8 million flew domestically and 41.9 million flew internationally.

  • Freight

    In 2020 741,641 tonnes were transported, of which 48,532 tonnes were domestic and 693,109 tonnes international.

Sea

  • Passengers

    In 2020, there were more than 10 million passengers. Of these, 7.5 million used coastal services, 1.2 million were overseas trips and 1.1 million were cruise services.

  • Freight

    485,2 million tonnes were transported in 2020 in all Spanish ports, of which 45 million corresponded to coastal navigation, 429.3 million to foreign navigation, 135,708 tonnes to transhipped goods and over 10 million tonnes to fishing, provisioning and inland traffic.